One of the most iconic vehicles of the US military, the ‘Truck, ¼-ton, 4×4’ as it was formally called is a must-have for any WW2 vehicle fleet. The ‘Jeep’ as it is more commonly known filled the role of a standardized, light, general purpose vehicle that the Army needed in the months just prior to WW2 and served its role wonderfully. Designed in 1940 by the Willys-Overland Company, they won the contract to produce their light vehicle design in early 1941 but were incapable of producing the amount needed to meet contracts. The Ford Motor Company stepped in to fill the gap later that year and henceforth two types of Jeep were produced: the Willys ‘MB’ and the Ford ‘GPW’. Very little differed in their overall design from 1941 to 1945 and by the end of the war, both companies had produced over 630,000 jeeps in varying types of models including a litter-carrier version like our 1942 Medical Jeep ‘Marilyn’ and the standard cloth-top version similar to our 1945-dated ‘Lois’. The Jeep name and general design stuck with other models of light truck such as the M38 and M151 well into the 1970s but the original MB and GPW ceased production with the end of the war and were largely phased out by the 1950s.
Occupants: Driver, Co-driver (+4 on litters or seated in the back depending on model)
Carry Capacity: 660lbs
Engine: 60hp Willys L134 ‘Go-Devil’, in-line 4 cylinder (gasoline)
Top Speed: 65mph
Production: 637,000 produced from 1941 to 1945 (Ford and Willys)